What to know about Diabetes…in 2020

Diabetes Causes 2019
What to know about Diabetes in 2019

What you need to know about Diabetes

Whenever the pancreas (the perilous controller of different blood sugar levels) completely fails to produce insulin or is incapable of using the small quantity generated, it tends to lead to high levels of sugar or glucose within the blood, which is diabetes.

This insulin assists the glucose (made from the food we consume) in generating energy after passing from the bloodstreams into the cells.
Diabetes is known to be a condition that impairs the human body’s ability to process blood sugar, also known as blood glucose properly.

In the U.S, the expected number of individuals over the age of 18 with undiagnosed and diagnosed diabetes is over 30.2 million, and the number represents between 28.8 and 33.8 percent of the entire population.

Without continuous and careful management, diabetes could lead to a compilation of sugars in the blood, thus increasing the risk of costly problems, such as heart disease and stroke.

What to know about Diabetes in 2019
Diabetes is a menace

Different types of diabetes could occur, and how adequately the condition will become depends on the diabetes type.

Causes of Diabetes

Not every kind of diabetes stems from an individual being overweight, or a person living an inactive lifestyle. Some are still present even in childhood.

There is no one common diabetes cause. The origins of diabetes change depending on your family history, genetic makeup, ethnicity, environmental and health factors. Thus, there is no one size fits all form of diabetes.

For example, the causes of type 1 form of diabetes vary from the roots of the gestational form of diabetes. Also, the objectives of the type 2 form of diabetes are different from what causes type 1 diabetes.

Causes of Type1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is our immune system damaging the cells present in the pancreas which produces insulin. This further causes diabetes by leaving the human body with insufficient insulin to help it function properly. Autoimmune cause or autoimmune reaction since the body is attacking itself. Although there is no specific cause of diabetes, however, the following stimulants might be involved:
Bacterial or viral infection
Chemical toxins in food
Unidentified element causing an autoimmune reaction
Essential genetic disposition might also be a cause of type 1 diabetes.

What t know about Diabetes in 2019
One of the main causes of diabetes

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

The origins of type 2 diabetes are ordinarily multifactorial (more than a single diabetes cause is involved). Usually, the most overpowering factor is a family with a history of type 2 diabetes. Your family is more often the leading cause of type 2 diabetes.
There are different factors for type 2 diabetes, any or all of these enhance the chances of getting type 2 diabetes.
These include:
Living an inactive lifestyle
Increasing age
Bad diet
Other causes of type 2 diabetes like illness or pregnancy can be risk factors of type 2 diabetes.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

The objectives of gestational diabetes remain unknown. However, there are several risk factors which can stimulate the chances of a person to develop this type of diabetes, and these are:
Obese or overweight
Suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome
Delivering a giant baby that weighs over 91b
The causes of this type of diabetes might also be attached to ethnicity. Most ethnic groups have higher chances of developing gestational diabetes.

Other Diabetes Causes

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – One major cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is obesity-connected insulin resistance that might also raise the chances of developing type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes and other diabetes types.

There are several other potential causes of diabetes. These include:
Pancreatectomy or pancreatitis as a significant cause of diabetes – Pancreatitis is renowned for increasing the risk involved in getting diabetes

Cushing’s syndrome – Cushing’s syndrome increases the creation of cortisol hormone. That helps in improving blood sugar levels. An excess of cortisol can also cause diabetes.
Type 1 symptoms

Type I diabetes, referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes, can be regarded as a continuing condition where the pancreas generates tiny or zero insulin, which is also a hormone required for allowing glucose (sugar) to enter the cells to produce energy.

Several factors, consisting of genetics and other viruses, might help in developing type one diabetes. Though this type of diabetes often shows up during adolescence or childhood, it can also develop in adults.

Irrespective of active research, this type of diabetes doesn’t have a cure. However, treatments concentrate on blood sugar levels management with insulin, lifestyle, and diet to prevent further complications.

fresh juices less empty sugar calories for Diabetes

Diabetes Sysmtoms

Type 1 diabetes symptoms and signs could appear suddenly and might include:
Increased thirst
Frequent urination
Bed-wetting in kids who weren’t bed-wetting before.
Extreme hunger
Unplanned weight loss
Touchiness and other mood swings
Weakness and fatigue
Blurred vision
When to see a doctor
Visit a doctor as soon as you notice any of the symptoms and signs listed above either in you or your kid.

Type 2 Symptons

Type 2 diabetes could cause severe health problems. That is why it is essential to know how to spot the signs of type 2 diabetes correctly. Even pre-diabetes can enhance the chances of heart disease, the same as type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Consult your doctor about the various preventive measures which you can take now to minimize your chances of developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

The signs of type 2 diabetes as a result of high blood glucose might include the following:
Increased thirst
Increased hunger (specifically after eating)
Dry mouth
Frequent urination
Mysterious weight loss
Fatigue (tired feeling, weak)
Blurred vision
Loss of awareness (unusual)

Consult a doctor when you have any of the above-listed type 2 diabetes symptoms or in case you have other questions about this type of diabetes. It is essential to get a diabetes test and begin a treatment plan on time to prevent severe diabetes complications.

This type of diabetes usually is not diagnosed until health complications have happened. Typically, there are no diabetes signs or gradual development of type 2 diabetes symptoms. One out of five individuals with type 2 diabetes does not know they have it.

Other symptoms and signs of type 2 diabetes might include:
Cuts or slow-healing sore Skin itching (often around the groin or vaginal area)
Regular yeast infections
Weight gain or mysterious weight loss
Tingling and numbness of the feet and hands
Decreased vision
Erectile dysfunction or impotence
Diabetes Pregnancy

Diabetes is a severe disease

The body can’t adequately control the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood since it has insufficient insulin. Studies have revealed that diabetes is the most common type of medical complication when a woman is pregnant, thus representing about 3.4% of every live birth.

Irrespective of the model or form of diabetes you have, there are several steps you as well as your healthcare team can follow to have a healthy and safe pregnancy.

Women who were diabetes patients before they got pregnant have unique health concerns. Adding up to the new demands pregnancy puts on your body, it would also affect your blood glucose levels as well as diabetes medications.

In case you are thinking about giving birth, take the right steps to reduce the risks for both your child and yourself.

Get Ready
A pre-conception appointment with a doctor will assist you in being both emotionally and physically ready for pregnancy. Consult your doctor to know if your diabetes is coordinated well enough for you to cease carrying out your birth control procedure.

A blood test known as the glycosylated hemoglobin test can reveal how well it has been going over the past 9 to 13 weeks.

Infographic on Diabetes Type 1 and type 2 world wide.
Infographic of the worldwide damage of Diabetes to people across the planet

Furthermore, you can take other medical tests to help in preventing the impediments during pregnancy:
Urinalysis to look out for kidney problems
Triglyceride and Cholesterol blood tests
Eye test to know if you have cataracts, glaucoma or retinopathy
Blood work to ensure that your liver and kidneys are working
Foot exam
Blood sugar control

High blood glucose or sugar levels very early in pregnancy (before 12 weeks) could cause childbirth defects. Also, they can enhance the risks of having a miscarriage and other diabetic complications.

However, most women do not know they are pregnant until the baby has grown for 3 to 5 weeks. That is why you need to have proper control of your blood sugar levels before you try conceiving.

Normailize your Blood Sugar

Ensure, your blood sugar levels are within the normal range:
70-100 mg/dL before taking any meal

Less than 130 mg/dL 3 hours after eating
100-150 mg/dL before taking your bedtime snack

Exercise for Diabetic relief

Utilize your exercise, diabetes medications and meals to maintain a healthy balance. High-intensity interval training (HIIT)

is especially effective in beating back diabetic symptoms.

Exercise frequently
Exercise assists in keeping you fit, and it also helps in burning calories and normalizing your glucose levels.

Keep up with your therapeutic schedules
Always keep up with all your medicinal appointments, and this includes your diabetes educator, doctor, podiatrist, dentist, ophthalmologist, and other health care experts.
Diabetes Foot pain

What to know about diabetes in 2019
Exercise really helps to ward off Diabetes

The two primary foot pain problems that occur in individuals with diabetes are:
Diabetic neuropathy
Peripheral vascular disease
Diabetic neuropathy

This type of foot pain problem can numb your feet, minimizing wound awareness, tight shoes and infections. Diabetes can also cause nerve damages that lead to feet numbness. This will, make it difficult for individuals with diabetes to feel any consciousness in their extremities.

How does Diabetes affect your baby

Babies delivered to women who are diabetic patients are usually bigger, a condition known as “macrosomia.” Since their mothers have very high blood sugar and glucose levels, they end up getting excessive sugar via the placenta.

The baby’s pancreas then senses it and produces more insulin to use it up. The additional sugar changes to fat, thus making the baby bigger.

Diabetes Cure

With all the studies on diabetes and improvements in diabetes treatments, it is tempting to believe someone has indeed found a cure for diabetes by now. However, the truth is that there is generally no cure for the types of diabetes. {Though specific lifestyle changes can get a reduction in type 2 diabetes in most cases.)

However, there are treatments, plus simple things which you could do regularly, that can make a huge difference.
Is there any natural treatment that could help in curing diabetes?

No! Natural treatments like continuous muscle relaxation, abdominal breathing, biofeedback, and guided imagery could assist in relieving stress. Since emotional stress hurts your blood sugar or glucose levels, it is essential to learn how to relax to manage diabetes.

Furthermore, supplements do not cure diabetes. Most natural supplements might interrelate riskily with your diabetes medicines. Others have been proven to assist in improving diabetes; however, always consult your doctor before taking a supplement.

Be cynical about the various claims of diabetes cures. Effective treatment will have tested in different clinical trials with real success.

What lifestyle changes can assist you in managing diabetes ?

Although there is no cure for diabetes, diabetes could be controlled and treated, and most individuals might go into remission. To effectively manage diabetes, it is crucial that you carry out the following:

Manage your blood glucose or sugar levels
Know the right thing to do to assist in keeping your blood sugar levels as ideal as possible every single day. Frequently check your blood sugar levels.


Regularly take your diabetes medications, and also ensure to balance your intake of food with exercise, good sleep habits, stress management, and medicine.

Also, this condition makes it hard for an individual with diabetes to feel soreness, irritation or feet infection. They might not notice their shoes rubbing. The absence of sensation could also lead to an advanced risk of sore, blisters, and cuts.

In case an individual doesn’t get treated for an infection, gangrene or even ulcers could develop. In case an individual develops a disease or ulcer, they might need an amputation.
Peripheral vascular disease

Diabetes also leads to different changes within the blood vessels. In peripheral vascular disease, fat deposits block vessels outside the heart and brain. It affects the vessels leading to and from the extremities, like the feet and hands, thus minimizing the flow of blood to both.

Reduced or minimized blood flow could lead to wounds, infections, and pain in the feet. In case an individual starts developing severe disease, a doctor might recommend amputation.

More Symptoms

Diabetes foot pain symptoms vary from one individual to another and might depend on the particular issues an individual is experiencing as at that time. However, common symptoms may include the following:

A loss of feeling
Tingling sensation or numbness
Temperature changes and skin discoloration
Red Streaks
Painful tingling
Staining on your socks

In case infection occurs in the foot, you might start experiencing any of the following:
Overwhelming blood sugar

Any individual with diabetes who is experiencing signs of an infection, particularly on the feet, should seek treatment.

Diabetes Treatments

Diabetic foot pain treatments vary according to the seriousness of the condition. Various nonsurgical and surgical treatment options are available.

Nonsurgical treatments

Your doctor, first of all, tries to treat diabetic foot pain without surgery. Some procedures include:
Keeping your wounds dressed and clean

Putting on immobilization devices, like total contact cast or a cast boot.
We are carefully observing gangrenes on the toes till self-amputation has occurred.

Surgical treatments

When using nonsurgical fails to heal diabetic foot pain problems, your doctor may consider surgery. Surgical treatment options include:
Removal of dead and decaying tissue
Surgical stabilization of the foot
Amputation, which ranges from single toes to foot sections to amputation of the leg underneath or above the knee
Diabetes Foot Pain Cure

Preventing diabetes food pain is essential for individuals who have diabetes. Making sure your feet are healthy is crucial, and an individual should always be vigilant about his/her foot hygiene. They could take the steps below:
Check your feet each day
Wash your feet daily
Wear supportive socks and shoes
Promote proper blood flow to your feet
Carefully trim your nails
Diabetes Hereditary

Diabetes is a multifaceted condition with different types and no apparent cause. In case there is a history of a particular class or form of diabetes in an individual’s family, they might have higher chances of developing that specific type of diabetes, be it type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes.

Hereditary Factors

Your family could make some individuals more vulnerable to diabetes. However, an individual might not take over the condition, and also there might be ways to minimize the risk involved. Knowing how type 2 diabetes affects different members in a family, for instance, can give a person a brighter idea on how to prevent it.

Furthermore, an awareness of family history might also assist in getting an early diabetes diagnosis. This will, in turn, will help an individual prevent some severe diabetic complications. The primary role of hereditary factors varies among the different diabetes types. For example, in type 2, lifestyle factors are known to be the most dominant than genetics.

Knowing how lifestyle, the environment, and genes affect diabetes could also assist a person in reducing the risk of developing diabetes and its complications.

Minimizing the risk of passing on the different types of diabetes

Researchers are yet to discover all the hereditary diabetes risk factors, and it is still not possible for every person to get genetic testing to know their risk. However, individuals who already know that they are likely to develop diabetes can take steps to minimize their risk.

Genetic or hereditary testing can help in predicting type 1 diabetes and differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in most people.

Researchers are still working on hereditary or genetic tests that will be able to predict type 1 an two diabetes. Any person interested is encouraged to ask their physician or doctor about these genetic tests.

Diabetes Prevention

Diabetes is a long-lasting disease that can affect anyone. Clear cases could lead to heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, and other severe conditions. Before diabetes gets diagnosed, there is always a period where the blood sugar levels are high but not particularly high enough to get diagnosed as diabetes- this is called pre-diabetes.

Virtually 75% of individuals with pre-diabetes also develop type 2 diabetes. Luckily, progressing from the normal pre-diabetes to diabetes is not inevitable. Though, there are some factors you cannot change, like as your age, past behaviors and genes, there are several actions you could take to minimize your chances of developing diabetes.

Below are three ways to avoid Diabetes

Proper weight control is an essential part of preventing diabetes. You might be able either mitigate or delay the development of diabetes by losing 7 to 10 percent of your present weight. For example, in case you weigh 300 pounds, your main goal will be to lose between 12 to 20 pounds. As soon as you have achieved that goal, it is crucial that you do not gain it back.

Have a healthy diet plan
It also essential to minimize the number of calories you consume and drinks each day, as this will help you in losing weight and keeping it off. To appropriately do that, your meals should always have smaller proteins and less sugar and fat.

Exercise regularly
Exercise has numerous health-related benefits, including assisting you in losing weight and lowering your blood glucose and sugar levels. These both reduce the chances of you developing type 2 diabetes. Try getting at least 35 minutes of physical exercise 5-6 days a week.

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